Compliance with International Environmental Treaties

Author:admin | published date:2013-11-30 | click:616

1  Compliance with the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances

The research team led by a group of faculty members including TANG, Xiaoyan, ZHANG, Shiqiu, HU, Jianxin and ZHANG, Jianbo has been extensively working on stratospheric ozone. The team prepared (in 1993) and revised (in 1999) the China Country Program for Phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS). It served as a guideline for the phase-out of the first generation of ODS, and implemented by the Chinese government before the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The amendment to the Country Program published in 1993 is the first one among developing countries to comply with the Protocol. It was translated into 5 languages as a demonstration for developing countries to comply with the Protocol. In 1995, the team creatively proposed cost-effective ODS phase-out mechanisms on a sectoral basis, which was accepted by the international community as a novel mechanism and has been adopted as an ODS phase-out model that can be widely applied. It was listed as a recommended project implementation practice in the 10-Year Assessment Report of Global Environment Fund (GEF) in early 2002. The team also assisted the then State Environment Protection Administration (now the Ministry of Environment Protection) in setting up a supervision and management system and some specific measures. In particular, the tradable ODS production quota system and the ODS quota auction mechanism, designed to effectively use multilateral fund, have been adopted and implemented. The import and export management policies designed by the team have come into force.

These innovative management mechanisms and policies for substituting ODS have made significant contributions to ozone layer protection, and helped China gain about USD 800 million financial assistance for phasing out more than 100,000 tons ODS consumption annually. In the decision support organization of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Professor TANG, Xiaoyan and SHAO, Min have successively served as the co-chair of the environmental and ecological evaluation expert group. Professor ZHANG, Shiqiu served as the co-chair of the economic evaluation group, multilateral fund-raising group, and a senior member of technical and economic expert. Professor HU, Jianxin, as a delegate member from China, participated in all the conferences of parties which have signed the Montreal Protocol. Professor TANG, Xiaoyan won a Golden Award for her contribution to ozone layer protection from SEPA in 2003 and UNEP/WMO Vienna Convention Award in 2005. In 2007, Professor TANG, Xiaoyan and ZHANG, Shiqiu won the Best-of-the Best Awards for ozone layer protection from US Environmental Protectoin Agency. Professor ZHU, Tong and HU, Jianxin along with other scientists contributed to the award of the Nobel Peace Prize by their involvement in preparation of IPCC report in 2007. Professor ZHANG, Shiqiu won the Twentieth Anniversary Ozone Protection Awards from UNEP in 2007 and the special commend from secretariat of the “Montreal Protocol”.

2  Compliance with the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

        In 2003, Peking University, as the initiator, prepared the first POPs phase-out plan for China to comply with the Stockholm Convention, i.e., the Strategy for China to Phase-out Pesticides. Professor HU, Jianxin, as a national technical advisor, took the lead in preparing China’s first project for phasing out POPs submitted to Global Environment Fund (GEF), i.e., the Demonstration Project for Substituting Chlordan and Mirex for Termite Control, which was approved by the GEF in 2005. The Chinese National Implementation Plan for Compliance with the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants prepared by Prof. Hu as the leading author in 2007 was approved by the State Council, which is an important document directing China to comply with the Stockholm Convention. Professor HU, Jianxin, as a delegate member from China, has been one of the most active committee members of the new POPs Review Committee for the Stockholm Convention for 9 years, and contributed to the inclusion of the 11 POPs in the regulated list in 2009, 2011 and 2013. As a member of “Expert Committee for China’s Compliance with POPs Convention” for two terms, he has made contribution to China’s ratification of the two amendments to the Stockholm Convention.